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Takukot Village Develoment Committee

This page gives information about Takukot as a whole. Other pages are, or will be, devoted to specific institutions, e.g. schools, social clubs, businesses, etc.


About Takukot (VDC) as a whole

Nepali words | Baram words | Baram people in Takukot |

Takukot is a VDC in Gorkha District, Nepal. Its co-ordinates are
28.08°N 84.69°E
It is 1,400 metres above sea level. In winter it seldom, if ever, snows.
Here is more information about Takukot.
   
A VDC (Village Development Committee) is an organisation which binds several smaller hamlets or settlements together. So VDC designates both a group of people, like any committee in English, and it designates a community living in several adjacent hamlets and their territory. A VDC usually has a leader (Chairman, President). In Nepali, the Village President is called "adhyaksha". The post of Adhyaksha in Takukot has been vacant for six years because of the polical upheavals in the country.

   
 
A Nepal newspaper in English
Once the new constitution, which integrates the Maoist Party with the other political parties has been ratified, a new Adhyaksha for Takukot will be elected. If you want to keep abreast with political and other news from Nepal, you can read an on-line English-language newspaper:
The Kathmandu Post
   
Electricity is supplied to the village from the "Hundi Khola Micro Hydro project" (Hundi River).
Here is more information about Takukot.
   
Castes
 
Discrimination against lower or poorer castes is illegal in Nepal (as it is in neighbouring India). Especially younger people are oblivious of caste distinctions.

But many people belonging to the poorer castes are still comparatively poor, and this applies to many of the students of Maikot School.
Members of the lower castes are called Dalits (in India the term Harijans [children of God] introduced by Gandhi is also used). Many of them study at Maikot School. They tend to be very poor and may even have difficulty in feeding themselves. Among the Dalits are the following sub-castes and occupations:
  • the Damai / Darji, who sew clothes
  • the Kami / Bishwakarma who do metal work and make khukuri, spades and simple farming tools
  • the Sarki. They used to sew and mend shoes but Sarkis in Takukot don’t follow this job. They only farm the fields.
   
The Khatri Chhetri caste
Frequent surnames
Some people write KC after their name. This stands for "Khatri Chhetri" and is an indication of their caste.

The Chhetri caste is equivalent to the Kshatriya caste in India from which warriors and kings used to come.

Chhetri and Khatri means the same and the words are etymologically related. Both are derived from the same Sanskrit word.
Shrestha and Gurung are frequent surnames in Nepal. They give some information about the family and origins of the bearer.

The language of the Shrestha is, or used to be, Newari. The national language of Nepal, however, is Nepali.

   
The Nepali Calendar
 

Nepal has a calender which is different from the "western calendar". The Nepali New Year (Bikram Sambat) starts with Baisakh (near 14 April). The English new year of 2012 (1 January 2012) is on the 17th day of the 9th month (called Poush in Nepali) 2068 BS.

About the Nepali Calendar

 
   
   
The Baram people in Takukot

A recent study (Tej Ratna Kansakar, Yogendra Prasad Yadava, Krishna Prasad Chalise et al: "A sociolinguistic study of the Baram language", Tribhuvan University, Nepal) shows that the Baram people (= Baramu people) are most present in Gorkha District. Within Gorkha the highest density of Barams is in three VDCs, namely Takukot, Arupokhari and Thumi. In each of these villages there are between 500 and 800 Barams.

The following passages have been taken from this study.

"We did find some elderly Baram speakers in the VDC’s of Dandagaun Takukot-8, and Mailung Takukot-5 in the Gorkha District. Dandagaun is the only place where the language is still in daily use."

"Apart from their native practices, the Barams also follow most of the Hindu rites and rituals, and celebrate the Hindu festivals. They have also adopted cultural practices from other non-Hindu neighboring communities. For example, the Barams in Takukot take part in Gai Jatra (the “cow festival”), which is celebrated by the Newar community. It is striking, however, that the Barams have nativized the adopted practices and follow them in their own way."

"In 2006, Krishna Prasad Chalise and Balaram Prasain, in collaboration with the Nepal Baram Association, carried out a short (one week) survey of the Baram areas in the Gorkha District. Their goal was to collect information necessary to prepare a grant proposal. This survey showed that the Takukot VDC in the Gorkha District was *** the only place where the Baram language is still in regular use***. A follow-up pilot survey during the early phases of the LEDBL Project confirmed this finding. We thus selected Takukot VDC as the field site of the LEDBL Project. Takukot was thus adopted as the study centre and the VDCs around Taku with the largest populations of Barams were selected as the study locations. A total of 51 respondents were selected from 11 VDCs in the Gorkha District. Of these, 50 were Barams and 1 was a non-Baram."

"5.2 Baram-speaking areas:
Baram is spoken in Takukot-5, Mailung (Figure 6), and in Takukot-8, Dandagaun, in the Gorkha district. These two villages are about four kilometers apart and are situated on two opposite slopes of the same mountain, the first facing the south and the second facing the north.
The way to the district headquarters runs along the top of the mountain; people therefore come up from their villages in order to go to their destinations. As a result, the people in each of these two villages report having little contact with those from the other village."

"The Baram live within a larger local community that is ethnically complex. Brahmins, Kshetries, and the so-called Hindu lower castes inhabit the vicinity of Dandagaun, whereas Brahmins, Kshetries, and Newars inhabit the vicinity of Mailung. Both the Baram and the non-Baram people have been living there for a long time in social and cultural harmony. The relationship among them is very friendly and they live in daily contact with one another. Nepali and Baram are both spoken in these areas. Nepali is used widely while Baram is used in limited domains and particular situations. The Gurung and Newar languages were also spoken in adjacent villages in the past, but now their use has been drastically reduced due to the increasing prevalence of Nepali.

As a result of this extensive contact and language shift, the Baram language shows significant evidence of convergence with Nepali both lexically and grammatically. The number of Nepali loan words included in the dictionary of Baram, 2478 out of the 3729 (66.45%), supports this fact. Similarly, several grammatical structures have been borrowed from Nepali."

"6 Conclusion

This study has established four facts regarding the accelerating decline in the use of the Baram language. Firstly, of the two villages in the Gorkha District where Baram is still spoken, Mailung in Takukot-5 has 9 speakers; however, these speakers do not use the language in day-to-day conversation. Dandagaun in Takukot-8 is the only village where Baram is used for everyday communication, but it occurs only in limited domains of language use. Secondly, the study identified 51 fluent speakers, 44 semi-fluent speakers, and 34 people with tacit knowledge of the language. Among them, most of the fluent speakers are senior in age and their number is decreasing rapidly. During the three-year duration of this project, six of the fluent speakers passed away. Thirdly, all the speakers are bilingual in Nepali, which is widely used as a preferred language of social communication.

Our findings show that only 18% of the 129 speakers have retained their language. Fourthly, the inter-generational transmission of Baram is not taking place. All of these facts indicate that Nepali is rapidly replacing the native language, and as a result Baram has been reduced to a seriously
endangered language.

However, the present trend among the younger generation of speakers shows a growing awareness of their ethnic and linguistic identity, and the need to preserve and promote their language and culture through education in the mother-tongue and through revival of their traditional social and cultural practices. This trend of language revitalization is an encouraging sign that the Baram language and the Baram way of life will survive."

   

Some words in Nepali and Baram

If you detect any mistakes in this list, please write to the Webmaster: webmaster (at) takukot-village-nepal.org

English Nepali Baram
1   de
2   nis
3   som
4 car car *
5   bana
man   ball
woman   mamuca
child   ikineuca
cow   sya
sheep   bheda
goat   michya
mountain   hiuculi, dada
(hence Dadathok?)
water   awa
river   gudue
grass ghas grass = has *
tree   senma
sky   aakash
sun   jyaba, uni
moon   juny, calauni
star tara tara *
god   dedi
goddess   dedi
house   nam
temple mandir mandir *
school   pathsala
     

 

 

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